The PHDCCI Economic and Business Momentum (EBM) Index
No. PR- 229
February 22, 2021
The PHDCCI Economic and Business Momentum (EBM) Index
Economic activity reaching at its pre-COVID levels, FY 2021 Q3 GDP growth seen positive at 0.1 to 1%: PHD Chamber
The economic activity is reaching at its Pre-Covid levels and the continuous improvement in the key economic and business indicators is strengthening the expectations of a positive GDP growth trajectory, said Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal, President, PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry in a press statement issued here today
On the basis of recent movement of PHDCCI EBM Index, PHD Chamber projects 0.1% to 1% growth rate of GDP in Q3 2020-21, said Mr. Aggarwal
According to the PHDCCI Economic & Business Momentum (EBM) Index, the 25 lead economic and business indicators have shown a significant recovery in Q3 FY 2020-21. The composite PHDCCI EBM Index has moved from 85.2 in Q1 FY 2020-21 to 96.0 in Q2 FY 2020-21 and 98.1 in Q3 FY 2020-21.
The quarterly movement of PHDCCI EBM Index and quarterly GDP growth rates are highly correlated at 0.9 as depicted in Chart-2, said Mr. Aggarwal
|Chart-1 : PHDCCI EBM Index: Monthly Trend (Base: 2018-19=100)||Chart-2 : PHDCCI EBM Index (Base: 2018-19=100) and GDP Growth Rates (in %): Quarterly Trend|
Source: PHD Research Bureau, PHDCCI EBM Index; GDP growth figures compiled from MOSPI
Note: GDP growth figures for Q3 and Q4 FY 2020-21 are projections based on PHDCCI EBM Index
Lead economic and business indicators such as cement, steel, consumer durables, capital goods, GST collections, passenger car sales have shown a marvelous improvement in the recent months, said Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal
PHDCCI EBM (Economic and Business Momentum) Index has shown steady recovery from the lows of 78.3 in April 2020 to 85.7 in May 2020, 91.6 in June 2020, 95.5 in July 2020, 95.9 in August 2020, 96.5 in September 2020, 96.9 in October 2020, 98.3 in November 2020 and 99.0 in December 2020 with a base of 2018-19=100, said Mr. Aggarwal
The 25 indicators composite EBM Index of the December 2020 at 99.0 is very near the level of 99.3 in December 2019, he said
However, the EBM Index during the period April – December of FY 2020-21 stands at 93.1 as compared with April – December FY 2019-2020 at 99.6, said Mr. Aggarwal
On the basis of recent movement of EBM, the overall GDP growth rate in FY 2020-21 is projected at (-)7.2% which is a positive revision of (+) 0.7% from our early forecast of (-) 7.9% made in September 2020, said Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal.
PHDCCI EBM Index is a composite index of 25 lead economic and business indicators with base year at 2018-19=100, which considers the demand and supply parameters to present a broad perspective of the economy. Out of the 25 lead economic and business indicators, 21 have shown a remarkable improvement in December 2020 from their lows of April 2020, said Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal.
The growth trend of PHDCCI EBM Index suggests that economy has potential to accelerate a growth rate of 11% in the next financial year 2021-22 on the back of various effective and meaningful reforms undertaken by the Government, said Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal.
Going ahead, the re-opening of higher educational institutes will support the demand at this juncture and help capex expansion with broad based recovery in economic activity, said Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal.
At this juncture, immediate policy attention is required towards credit access to industry and services sectors. Credit disbursement should be at the top most priority at this juncture by the banking sector, he said
The focus should be on ensuring provision of hassle free disbursements of loans vis-à-vis enhanced liquidity for MSMEs, especially in rural sectors, said Mr Sanjay Aggarwal.
The Union Budget 2021-22 presented by Mrs Nirmala Sitharaman, Hon’ble Finance Minister is a historic budget, considering the aspirations of all sections of the society for the improvement of standards of living and ease of doing business in industry across the segments, said Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal.
The focus of budget on six pillars, including Health and Well-Being, Physical and Financial capital and infrastructure, Inclusive Development for Aspirational India, Reinvigorating Human Capital, Innovation and Research & Development, and Minimum Government, and Maximum Governance is highly encouraging and would go a long way to build a New India, he said
Going ahead, demand creation will have a multiplier effect on enhanced production possibilities, expansion of employment in factories, expansion of capital investments and overall virtuous circle of growth and development of Indian economy.
The increased spending on infrastructure will give a multiplier effect to rejuvenate the aggregate demand in the economy and to mitigate the daunting impact of COVID-19 on the economy. Undoubtedly, robust growth of infrastructure is the key ingredient to realize the vision of Aatmanirbhar Bharat, said Mr Sanjay Aggarwal.
The Government’s decision to set-up a Development Finance Institution (DFI), capitalised with Rs 20,000 crore to launch the National Asset Monetisation Pipeline to fund new infra projects is highly appreciable, said Mr Sanjay Aggarwal.
Also, there is a need to lower interest rates for consumers and businesses, lesser compliances for MSMEs vis-à-vis ease of doing business at the ground level and a lower tax regime to increase the personal disposable income of the people, said Shri Sanjay Aggarwal.
PHDCCI EBMI (Economic and Business Momentum Index) is a composite index of lead economic and business indicators including IIP Consumer durable goods, IIP Consumer non-durable goods, IIP Capital Goods, IIP Intermediate Goods, Coal, Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Petroleum Refinery Products, Fertilisers, Steel, Cement, Electricity, Consumption of Petroleum products, Export Merchandise, Export Services, India Freight Traffic, Credit to Agriculture, Credit to Industry, Credit to service sector, Personal Loans, GST Collections, SENSEX, FDI Equity Inflows, External commercial borrowings and Unemployment.
Full PHDCCI EBM Index report attached
PHDCCI EBM Index
|Sr No||Economic Indicators||April 20||December 20||Improvement (December ’20 – Apr’20)|
|1||IIP Consumer durable goods||5||105||101|
|2||IIP Consumer non-durable goods||64||123||59|
|3||IIP Capital Goods||8||97||89|
|4||IIP Intermediate Goods||39||121||82|
|8||Petroleum Refinery Products||81||102||20|
|13||Consumption of Petroleum products||61||115||57|
|16||India Freight Traffic||98||110||12|
|17||Credit to Agriculture||104||109||6|
|18||Credit to Industry||102||99||(-)3|
|19||Credit to service sector||111||109||(-)2|
|23||FDI Equity Inflows||74||150||75|
|24||External commercial borrowings||54||162||108|
|Composite Weighted Index||78||99||21|
Source: PHD Research Bureau, PHDCCI EBM Index
Note: For calculation purpose, the October, November and December 2020 FDI figures are estimated on the basis of available data; figures and difference are rounded off
PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry